Linear Screw Double Rail

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Introduction: Linear Screw Double Rail

The original screw driven rail lends itself nicely to having one of each on each side of a 3D printer. Up and down is accurate but BY itself, it doesn’t have a lot of lateral support.

Since I’m looking into cantilever designs, I revised the rail to introduce a second linear rod, widening and thus stabilizing the linear screw. I intend to use this implementation in a revamp of my Cantilever printer

I'm a big fan of Auto bed leveling so I did not design the End-stop as an integrated component but instead went with a detachable End Stop incorporating a much smaller micro switch

STL files are included with the Instructable but if you want to download the entire model you can do this on GrabCad.com: https://grabcad.com/library/lead-screw-driven-linear-rail-double-1

Step 1: Parts

There are 3 printed components to this rail (4 if you count the optional End Stop Case). The STL files are included. You can print using PLA (0.2mm 15% infill). All fittings are tight, so each 3D printer may need a little scaling tests.

following components can all be found on Amazon.com but if you have time and patience you can possibly source many from AliExpress.com for less.

Flexible Shaft Couplings 5mm to 8mm: http://amzn.to/2yYJ9TJ

2-Pack - Linear Motion Rod 8 mm x 406mm Shaft: http://amzn.to/2yYJ9TJ

micro switch: http://amzn.to/2DAfRxS

1010 72 inches (8020 inc.): http://amzn.to/2yYJ9TJ

nema 17 1.7A (5 pack): http://amzn.to/2yYJ9TJ

SCS8UU Linear Motion Ball Bearing: http://amzn.to/2yYJ9TJ

M4 8mm: http://amzn.to/2CMkRyN

m3 10mm: http://amzn.to/2CMkRyN

Lead Screw 8mm: http://amzn.to/2D8pXVY

Step 2: Assembly

Like with the original Linear Screw Rail, All components were specifically designed for the 1010 aluminum extrusion WITH grooves. The attached picture shows the connections are strong. Holes have been added to the components to screw it on using a t-nut (I'v seen no need for that).

All components couple to the extrusion side ways (no caps). This allows for moving it for best position based on your use.

The lips on the Carriage are similar to the lips that clamp it's own components to the rail. This allows you to insert 1010 extrusion perpendicular to this rail. There are two holes with room between the SCSUU blocks for screws and possible t-nuts.

Step 3: Testing

I use the marlin software and a bare RAMPS 1.4 that is controller via pronterface
I use Marlin 1.1.x to test and have the screw rail connected to the Z-axis In the Marlin configuration.h file make sure you set the proper length for the screw rail // Travel limits after homing (units are in mm)

Based on the length of the screw rail, rails lost in coupler and end end connector and the height of the carriage, the range for travel is 0 to 290mm. Not setting the Z_MAZ_POS in the configuration may damage the rail as it would try to travel beyond it's capacity.

#define X_MIN_POS 0#define Y_MIN_POS 0#define Z_MIN_POS 0<br>#define X_MAX_POS 200<br>#define Y_MAX_POS 200<br>#define Z_MAX_POS 290

The Lead screw is 2mm pitch 4 start. For Marlin \thist comes to 400 steps/mm

#define DEFAULT_AXIS_STEPS_PER_UNIT { 80.08748,80.08748,400,456 }<br>

If you liked this check out my other instructables or visit my website at https://core3d.tech

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